Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form by Eliot Goldfinger

By Eliot Goldfinger

From the writer of the vintage Human Anatomy for Artists comes this straightforward reference advisor that includes over unique drawings and over seventy photographs.
Designed for painters, sculptors, and illustrators who use animal imagery of their paintings, Animal Anatomy for Artists deals thorough, in-depth information regarding the main generally depicted animals, provided in a logical and simply understood structure for artists—whether newbie or comprehensive specialist. The e-book makes a speciality of the varieties created via muscular tissues and bones, giving artists a vital 3-dimensional figuring out of the ultimate, advanced outer floor of the animal. Goldfinger not just covers the anatomy of the extra universal animals, equivalent to the pony, puppy, cat, cow, pig, squirrel, and rabbit, but additionally the anatomy of diverse wild species, together with the lion, giraffe, deer, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, elephant, gorilla, sea lion, and undergo. incorporated are drawings of skeletons and the way they circulate on the joints, person muscle tissue exhibiting their attachments at the skeleton, muscle groups of the total animal, pass sections, images of dwell animals, and silhouettes of similar animals evaluating their shapes and proportions. He bargains a brand new and cutting edge part at the easy physique plan of four-legged animals, giving the reader a vital conceptual realizing of total animal constitution to which the main points of person animals can then be utilized. The bankruptcy on birds covers the skeleton, muscle tissue and feather styles. The appendix offers pictures of skulls with great horns and antlers and a piece on significant floor veins.

Incredibly thorough, jam-packed with crucial details, Animal Anatomy for Artists is a definitive reference paintings, a vital publication for everybody who depicts animals of their paintings.

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Extra info for Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form

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Structure: The retractor anguli oculi lateralis is a short muscle. It is not found in the horse or the ox. Dilator naris apicalis (Transversus nasi) • Attachment: Horse: Upper, inner, and lower edges of both nostrils (from cartilage). Ox: Origin: Front end of the forwardmost (incisive) bone of the upper jaw, and from a tendinous band on the midline; Insertion: Inner edge of the nostril. • Action: Dilates the nostrils. • Structure: In the horse, the dilator naris apicalis is a single, rectangular muscle that spans the front of the snout from nostril to nostril.

Illustrated) and a shorter, more superficial portion called the occipitomandibularis. The occipitomandibularis contributes minimally to the INDIVIDUAL MUSCLES » FACE & HEAD 4! HORSE DOG Salivary glands The mandibular gland is a separate, elongated gland that lies The parotid gland is a soft, sponge-like form sitting in the hollow along the rear edge of the parotid gland in the ox. In the dog and between the back of the lower jaw and the side of the neck (wing of feline, the mandibular gland is an ovoid body, approximately half the the atlas).

Muscles change when they are contracted. This understanding is the These muscles attach to the skeleton and create most of the surface form of an animal. The two most common types of muscles are the volumetric muscles, with full volumes, like the triceps, calf muscles, or long narrow forearm muscles, and the sheet muscles, like the thin latissimus dorsi or the trapezius. The volumetric muscles create most of the body's forms. The sheet muscles cover the volumetric muscles and bone, whose forms may be either seen underneath or concealed.

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