By Hugh Aldersey-Williams
"A fabulous, organ-by-organ trip throughout the physique eclectic. . . impossible to resist [and] impressive."—John J. Ross, Wall highway JournalThe human physique is the main fraught and engaging, talked-about and taboo, detailed but common truth of our lives. it's the suggestion for paintings, the topic of technology, and the resource of a few of the best tales ever advised. In Anatomies, acclaimed writer of Periodic stories Hugh Aldersey-Williams brings his exciting mixture of technology, background, and tradition to undergo in this richest of subjects.
In an attractive narrative that levels from historical physique artwork to cosmetic surgery at the present time and from head to toe, Aldersey-Williams explores the corporeal mysteries that make us human: Why are a few humans left-handed and a few blue-eyed? what's the humorous bone, besides? Why do a little cultures give some thought to the center because the seat of our souls and passions, whereas others position it within the liver?
A journalist with a knack for telling a narrative, Aldersey-Williams takes half in a drawing category, attends the dissection of a human physique, and visits the doctor's place of work and the morgue. yet Anatomies attracts not only on scientific technology and Aldersey-Williams's reporting. It attracts additionally at the works of philosophers, writers, and artists from all through heritage. Aldersey-Williams delves into our shared cultural heritage—Shakespeare to Frankenstein, Rembrandt to 2001: an area Odyssey—to exhibit how attitudes towards the human physique are as diversified as human background, as he explains the origins and legacy of tattooing, shrunken heads, bloodletting, fingerprinting, X-rays, and more.
From Adam's rib to van Gogh's ear to Einstein's mind, Anatomies is a treasure trove of bizarre proof and tales and a superb embodiment of what Aristotle wrote greater than millennia in the past: "The human physique is greater than the sum of its parts."
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"It is a miracle that anybody guy must have saw, learn, and written down rather a lot in one lifetime. " — Kenneth Clark
Painter, sculptor, musician, scientist, architect, engineer, inventor . . . possibly no different determine so totally embodies the Western excellent of "Renaissance man" as Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo was once no longer content material, despite the fact that, to grasp an inventive procedure or list the mechanics of a tool; he was once pushed through an insatiable interest to appreciate why. His writings, pursuits, and musings are uniformly characterised via an incisive, probing, wondering brain. It was once with this piercing highbrow scrutiny and particular clinical thoroughness that Leonardo undertook the learn of the human body.
This unheard of quantity reproduces greater than 1,200 of Leonardo's anatomical drawings on 215 essentially revealed black-and-white plates. The drawings were prepared in chronological series to show Leonardo's improvement and progress as an anatomist. Leonardo's textual content, which accompanies the drawings — occasionally explanatory, occasionally autobiographical and anecdotal — has been translated into English through the celebrated clinical professors Drs. O'Malley and Saunders. of their interesting biographical advent, the authors evaluation Leonardo's place within the old improvement of anatomy and anatomical representation. every one plate is observed via explanatory notes and an assessment of the person plate and a sign of its dating to the paintings as a whole.
While outstanding for his or her awesome good looks and precision, Leonardo's anatomical drawings have been additionally a ways previous to all modern paintings and scientifically the equivalent of something that seemed good into the 17th century. in contrast to such a lot of his predecessors and contemporaries, Leonardo took not anything on belief and had religion in basic terms in his personal observations and experiments. In anatomy, as in his different investigations, Leonardo's nice contrast is the really medical nature of his tools. Herein then are over 1,200 of Leonardo's anatomical illustrations geared up into 8 significant parts of research: Osteological approach, Myological procedure, Comparative Anatomy, worried procedure, breathing approach, Alimentary procedure, Genito-Urinary procedure, and Embryology.
Artists, illustrators, physicians, scholars, academics, scientists, and appreciators of Leonardo's amazing genius will locate in those 1,200 drawings the ideal union of artwork and technology. conscientiously targeted and exact of their info, attractive and colourful of their process, they continue to be this day — approximately 5 centuries later — the best anatomical drawings ever made.
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Extra resources for Anatomies: A Cultural History of the Human Body
Journal of Neuroscience, 12, 1582–2596. 24 STUDIES OF NORMAL AND ABNORMAL MEMORY IN HUMANS 2 Exploring the Neural Bases of Complex Memory ANDREW R. MAYES Memory for facts or personally experienced episodes, usually referred to as “declarative memory” (Squire, 1992) or “explicit memory” (Graf & Schacter, 1985), involves memory for multiple associations between component pieces of information. In order to stress the importance of this kind of associative complexity and to contrast it with memory that does not require the storage and retrieval of these kinds of factual and episodic association, this form of memory is referred to as “complex memory” in this chapter.
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Why did perirhinal cortex lesions impair performance on the simple object discrimination task but spare learning of the concurrent discrimination task? For humans, the concurrent discrimination task is a task of declarative memory, dependent on the structure of the medial temporal lobe. The amnesic patient H. M. was severely impaired at concurrent discrimination learning (Hood, Postle, & Corkin, 1999). However, several investigators have suggested that for monkeys the concurrent discrimination task is a task of habit learning, not a test of declarative memory (Buffalo, Stefanacci, Squire, & Zola, 1998; Mishkin, Malamut, & Bachevalier, 1984; Phillips, Malmut, Bachevalier, & Mishkin, 1988).