By Hugh Aldersey-Williams
El cuerpo humano, nuestro tabú más incómodo. El único elemento común para todos los seres humanos. Una suma de huesos, piel, grasa y fluidos a l. a. que, mientras todo carbura, prestamos escasa atención. Y sin embargo, desde el arte antiguo a l. a. cirugía plástica, desde los primeros anatomistas a los artistas conceptuales, de los profanadores de tumbas a los atletas biónicos, nuestra relación con el cuerpo humano cube más de nosotros mismo que cualquier otro asunto en los angeles historia de l. a. humanidad.
Mezclando historia, arte, literatura y vida cotidiana, Hugh Aldersey-Williams se adentra en l. a. más misteriosa y maravillosa de las creaciones. El resultado es una obra fascinante repleta de hechos asombrosos, historias inverosímiles e información deslumbrante que va desde l. a. primera huella dactilar hasta l. a. psicología de los ángeles, desde l. a. máscara fúnebre de Isaac Newton hasta el cerebro embalsamado de Einstein.
Read Online or Download Anatomías: El cuerpo humano, sus partes y las historias que cuentan PDF
Similar anatomy & physiology books
"It is a miracle that anybody guy must have saw, learn, and written down lots in one lifetime. " — Kenneth Clark
Painter, sculptor, musician, scientist, architect, engineer, inventor . . . probably no different determine so absolutely embodies the Western perfect of "Renaissance man" as Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo was once now not content material, even if, to grasp an inventive method or checklist the mechanics of a tool; he used to be pushed by means of an insatiable interest to appreciate why. His writings, pursuits, and musings are uniformly characterised by way of an incisive, probing, wondering brain. It used to be with this piercing highbrow scrutiny and particular medical thoroughness that Leonardo undertook the learn of the human body.
This extraordinary quantity reproduces greater than 1,200 of Leonardo's anatomical drawings on 215 basically revealed black-and-white plates. The drawings were prepared in chronological series to show Leonardo's improvement and progress as an anatomist. Leonardo's textual content, which accompanies the drawings — occasionally explanatory, occasionally autobiographical and anecdotal — has been translated into English by means of the celebrated clinical professors Drs. O'Malley and Saunders. of their interesting biographical creation, the authors assessment Leonardo's place within the historic improvement of anatomy and anatomical representation. every one plate is observed via explanatory notes and an overview of the person plate and a sign of its courting to the paintings as a whole.
While outstanding for his or her remarkable attractiveness and precision, Leonardo's anatomical drawings have been additionally a long way earlier than all modern paintings and scientifically the equivalent of whatever that seemed good into the 17th century. in contrast to such a lot of his predecessors and contemporaries, Leonardo took not anything on belief and had religion in basic terms in his personal observations and experiments. In anatomy, as in his different investigations, Leonardo's nice contrast is the really clinical nature of his equipment. Herein then are over 1,200 of Leonardo's anatomical illustrations equipped into 8 significant parts of research: Osteological approach, Myological procedure, Comparative Anatomy, anxious approach, respiration process, Alimentary approach, Genito-Urinary procedure, and Embryology.
Artists, illustrators, physicians, scholars, academics, scientists, and appreciators of Leonardo's notable genius will locate in those 1,200 drawings the proper union of artwork and technological know-how. conscientiously precise and actual of their information, attractive and colourful of their strategy, they continue to be at the present time — approximately 5 centuries later — the best anatomical drawings ever made.
A subgroup of homeobox genes, which play a major function within the developmental tactics of a number of multicellular organisms, Hox genes were proven to play a serious position in vertebrate trend formation. Hox genes could be regarded as basic objective regulate genes-that is, they're related in lots of organisms and direct a similar tactics in quite a few organisms, from mouse, to fly, to human.
Five. 2 Early historical past of the examine of glucose metabolism one hundred and one five. three The Embden-Meyerhof pathway 104 five. four organic value of the glycolytic pathway 107 five. five Glycogen and different polysaccharides a hundred and ten five. 6 different monosaccharides a hundred and fifteen five. 7 The pentose phosphate pathway 116 five. eight assessment 122 solutions to routines 123 Questions 123 6 Lipids: breakdown of fatty acids; brown fats; ruminant metabolism a hundred twenty five 6.
Fungi at the moment are on the leading edge of study on mechanisms in gene silencing, organic rhythm, mating procedures, biogenesis of intracellular organelles, diversifications to adverse habitats, constitution of average populations, and speciation. as a result of their small genomes, fungi are getting used in "systems biology" to appreciate the connections among genes, proteins, and metabolic and signaling pathways.
- Natural Mycotoxin Contamination in Humans and Animals
- Applied animal endocrinology, Edition: First
- Textiles for Sportswear (Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles)
- When Cells Die II: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Apoptosis and Programmed Cell Death
Additional info for Anatomías: El cuerpo humano, sus partes y las historias que cuentan
Toxicology Timeline. org/display/toxipedia/ Toxicology+Timeline>. , 1980. Effects of coal gasification sour water on Xenopus laevis embryos. J. Environ. Sci. Health A 15, 127–138. , 1979. Toxicity and teratogenicity of aromatic amines to Xenopus laevis. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 22, 159–166. , 1978. Statistical Method in Biological Assay Mathematics in Medicine Series, third ed. , New York, p. 505. , 1980. A tentative seven-day test for predicting effects of stress on populations of Daphnia pulex.
Consultation with a statistician is highly recommended. In addition, the investigator must assure throughout the study that the data are of the highest quality possible and that any deviations from the original study design are carefully documented. Although the process of developing data quality standards continues to evolve to address the needs of science and the regulatory community, consensus-based standards have been developed by agencies such as the US EPA, but future work is continually needed, particularly given the increasing application of toxicity assessment to the environmental hazards assessment (HA) or ecological risk assessment (ERA) process (more on this in Chapter 13).
Others respond to a wider variety of chemicals, but their diagnostic capability can be enhanced by using multiple bioindicators. In any case, the use of bioindicators can be very effective in conducting screenings to see if any effects are expressed before conducting extensive chemical analyses. TYPES OF BIOINDICATORS Bioindicators can be classified into several categories. We will examine the following: 1. Indicators of oxidative stress—P450 system and glutathione 2. Plasma enzymes—lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine kinase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, AChE, and aminolevulinate dehydratase 3.